Athens and sparta were the largest greek city-states their lands included the plains that surrounded the center city most greek cities had fewer than 20,000 residents. The ancient heroes, too, were vain about both themselves and honor, boasting as much about outwitting the enemy as about outfighting them (britannica, 2001) selected references bairoch, paul, cities and economic development: from the dawn of hist~ry to the present, chicago: university of chicago press, paperback 1991. In ancient greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy the two city-states that best represent each form of government were sparta (oligarchy) and athens (democracy). Rise of city-states: athens and sparta life in sparta was vastly different from life in athens both sparta and athens gathered allies and fought on and off . There were other mycenaean cities that grew into major city-states during the height of ancient greece such as thebes and athens the city of athens sparta.
The peloponnesian war fought between ancient athens and sparta (who won) and their respective allies came in two stages, the first from c 460 to 446. Subsequently, sparta become a free city in the roman sense, some of the institutions of lycurgus were restored and the city became a tourist attraction for the roman elite who came to observe exotic spartan customs. Aeschines, speaking in praise of the areopagus, says that this court was different from the other courts of athens in that areopagites were less likely than other jurors to be swayed by skillful speaking alone: “i myself have before now seen many men convicted before this tribunal, though they spoke most eloquently, and presented witnesses .
At the time of the persian wars the two most powerful states were athens and sparta, and they were the ones offering the greatest resistance to xerxes and leading a small coalition of other city states in resisting the invasion. Athens broke off the alliance with sparta and allied, instead, with sparta's enemy, argos athens zero-sum-gain: 1 ally + 1 enemy when megara turned to sparta for help in its boundary dispute with corinth, sparta, allied with both poleis, declined. And the persian wars were a heroic epoch for greece in general and for athens and sparta in particular the end for athens came in 405, when the spartan navy . Monarchies in ancient greece were not women were not citizens in athens, but in sparta they were the rules for girls in sparta were different from other .
The evolution of the city-states they varied enormously in both area and population sparta with more than three thousand square miles and athens with 1060 had . The only way sparta could have benefited from the inclusion of helots in their forces would have been if the helots were trained as soldiers like the spartans, but this would have meant that there was no-one to farm for the soldiers. Essay about athens and sparta the authoritative cities societies of athens and sparta the athens, the capital and largest city in greece, and sparta were very significant in the ancient greece because both were unique in their own way and extremely determined in being successful. More than 2,400 years ago, the athenian historian thucydides offered a powerful insight: “it was the rise of athens, and the fear that this inspired in sparta, that made war inevitable .
The cities of athens and sparta were bitter rivals in ancient greece geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. Athens and sparta, both powerful greek city-states, had fought as allies in the greco-persian wars between 499 and 449 bc (425 bc), where spartan defenders were taken hostage and the way . The greatest war in history by the city-states of athens and sparta not only were the cities created for different reasons -- athens was a trading town located . From 431 to 404 athens and sparta were engaged in the peloponnesian war, which athens finally lost the ravages of war cast doubt on the martial virtues of homeric heroes, and the growth of democracies, especially in athens, called for new civic virtue: the ability to speak persuasively in the assemblies and law courts became more valuable than .
The after dinner parties and social events in sparta and athens both admitted only men, but their proceedings were rather different spartan men of the “homoioi” class (full citizen) attended common messes, where they would go through a judgment process to get in. Both greece and rome are mediterranean countries, similar enough latitudinally for both to grow wine and olives however, their terrains were quite different the ancient greek city-states were separated from each other by hilly countryside and all were near the water rome was inland, on one side . These differences may be rooted in their genes as both came from different lineages athenians came from the ionians while spartans were descendants of dorian invaders who came from the north this would eventually lead sparta to attack and conquer athens.
Our main source for the peloponnesian war is the history athens and sparta had concluded a defensive alliance, but on both sides, there were politicians who . Athens and sparta, though both greek city-states were different in the way they operated more specifically, sparta was different in the way that they treated their women athenian woman were treated quite appallingly compared to the standards of today’s women. What are the differences between athens and sparta a: while similar in that both cities utilized an assembly elected by the people, the two cultures also had .